Most of the big fishing vessels that operate in West Africa are from distant water fishing nations such as nations in the European Union (EU) and China and Russia. For permission to fish from West African waters they form agreements in exchange for a fee that is payable to the government.
However, these arrangements have been criticised for contributing to the over-exploitation of fish stocks in the region. Especially affected are, Guinea Bissau, Côte d′Ivoire, Liberia, Cape Verde, Mauritania, Senegal and The Gambia. In our recent newspaper , my colleague Dyhia Belhabib And I show the EU’s agreements with West African countries continue to target fragile fish stocks.
EU activities alone are not to blame for over fishing in the area. The impact of trawling by other nations, such as China, is well documented. However, through its fisheries policies, the EU has a commitment to sustainable fishing. Additionally, it proceeds to enter into new arrangements with nations, despite evidence of serious population declines in the species of interest.
Marine fisheries play a substantial role in the food and economic security of millions of people in West Africa. If stocks are depleted, small fishers that depend on them won’t be able to make a correct income and many people would lose their main source of protein. Competition for depleting resources is already resulting in conflict between fishers and international fishing vessels.
It we propose that one way to do that is for nations to renegotiate their naively very low royalties with the EU. And there needs to be investment in marine enforcement. https://www.inijurupoker.com/tips/
What we discovered fish stocks, protect the marine environment, make sure the financial viability of European fleets and supply customers with quality meals. In our newspaper we argue that the coverage Protects EU waters, but damages the marine environment of third countries into which it has now been extended.
We also assert that subsidies under the coverage are a key driver of the over exploitation of fisheries in third countries. For example, those subsidies incentivise that the construction of new vessels to permit boats to go further and remain active at sea for more, and even encourage the fuel costs for these broader activities.
And we highlight that misuse by EU vessels undermines local food security and provokes battle with artisanal fishers. That is simply because demand in EU countries has contributed to EU vessels targeting fragile fish species such as the European anchovy, bigeye grunt, sardinellas, bigeye tuna, yellowfin tuna and swordfish.
Our study utilized a review of existing literature and policy documents. This included an analysis of capture data between the EU and countries with whom it has fishing venture agreements in West Africa, between 2010 and 2014.
We then cross-referenced EU catches with the exploitation status of certain species extracted from the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the international commission for the conservation of atlantic tunas. The categories we used were:
We found that, of those species caught by EU boats:
We this is when there are inadequate regional provisions, like laws and enforcement measures. We discovered a fad. Yellow cards are issued to nations with whom the EU have a high level of trade, and a ban to nations where it’s less fishing industry.
Guinea-Bissau, for example, has not obtained a warning despite signs of illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing. Its maritime enforcement agencies are not adequately equipped to monitor the actions of boats operating in its waters.
We urge the EU review the execution of the terms of its common fisheries Policy, such as the terms of their subsidies that have been identified as being detrimental to sustainable fisheries. West African countries should also do much more to make sure that future and revived fishing agreements are payable more robustly.
It is possible. for example Guinea Bissau was company in its negotiations over a new arrangement with the EU when its old one died in 2017. After a year of negotiations, the EU offered a far better deal than previously proposed. In return for providing five decades of accessibility to 50 EU fishing boats, the EU will pay Guinea Bissau $15.6 million each year. The preceding agreement’s speed was 9.2 million.
They were also required to put more investment into successful marine government and enforcement.